SIS II: Schengen Information System II
The purpose of the Schengen Information System II (SIS II) is to enable the Member States of the Schengen area to establish a common policy for monitoring entry into the Schengen area and thus to facilitate the free movement of their nationals while maintaining public order and security.
of alerts in 2019 in the SIS II database
In 2019, the Schengen Information System was the subject of 6.6 billion searches or queries by member states, an 8% increase over 2018.
The main purpose of the database is to ensure a high level of security within the Schengen States in the absence of internal border controls, by allowing the competent national authorities, such as police forces and border guards, to enter and consult alerts on persons or objects.
This file consists of:
- a central system (the “Central SIS II”);
- a national system (the ‘N.SIS II’) in each of the Member States, consisting of the national data systems which communicate with Central SIS II. A N.SIS II may contain a data file (a ‘national copy’), containing a complete or partial copy of the SIS II database. The national IT system of the Schengen Information System "N.SIS II" is placed under the authority of the Directorate General of the National Police of the Ministry of Interior;
- a communication infrastructure between the central system and the national systems, providing a virtual encrypted network dedicated to SIS II data and to the exchange of data between the bodies responsible for the exchange of all supplementary information.
Who is responsible for the file?
Criteria for inclusion in this file
Information contained in this file
Who can register?
How long is the information kept?
Who consults this file?
How are people informed?
How can I access my file or have my information rectified?
In order to exercise his/her rights, the person must contact the Ministry of Interior:
Ministère de l'intérieur
75800 Paris Cedex 08
The Ministry has 2 months to answer from the date of receipt of the request.
If the ministry refuses to answer (by sending a letter or remaining silent beyond the 2-month deadline), the person may contact the CNIL to request its intervention:
Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés
3 Place de Fontenoy
75334 PARIS CEDEX 07
The person must then imperatively communicate to the CNIL:
- a copy of an identity document;
- any element justifying the sending of the request to the Ministry (copy of the answer sent to him by the Ministry, of the letter sent to the Ministry or of the acknowledgement of receipt of this letter);
- the applicant's mailing address.
The SIS II Supervision Coordination Group
In order to ensure the coordination of the supervision of the second generation Schengen Information System, representatives of the national data protection authorities ("national DPAs") and the European Data Protection Supervisor usually meet twice a year. The national DPAs represented are those of the 27 EU Member States, with Ireland participating as an observer. The national data protection authorities of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland are also part of the group, as their countries also participate in the Schengen Information System.
You can find more information on the work of this group (minutes of meetings and recently adopted documents).
Revision of the SIS II legal framework
- Council Decision 2007/533/JHA of 12 June 2007 on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)
- Regulation (EC) No 1987/2006 of the European parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on the establishment, operation and use of the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)
- Regulation (EC) No 1986/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 regarding access to the Second Generation Schengen Information System (SIS II) by the services in the Member States responsible for issuing vehicle registration
- 2010/261/: Commission Decision of 4 May 2010 on the Security Plan for Central SIS II and the Communication Infrastructure
- Commission implementing decision (EU) 2016/1209 of 12 July 2016 replacing the Annex to Commission Implementing Decision 2013/115/EU on the SIRENE Manual and other implementing measures for the second generation Schengen Information System (SIS II)
- List of competent authorities authorised to consult directly the data entered in the second generation Schengen Information System
- Code de la sécurité intérieure (Internal Security Code), articles R. 231-4 to R. 231-13 (in French)